La historia de la mina "el chiflon del Diablo".

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La historia de la minería del carbón se inicia en 1837 en la cual se trabajaba con lámparas de carburo o de aceite, sin cascos y se ponían ojotas en los pies hechas por los mineros, usaban un gorro de género. Todas las minas se trabajaban en forma artesanal y no mecanizadas como están las más modernas de hoy en día.Los mineros empiezan a trabajar en la mina a los 10 años como mensajeros y cuidadores de las puertas de ventilación de las galerías. A los 13 le daban un contrato y a los 14 ó 15 formaban parte de la ?familia minera?. El túnel desciende lentamente en 14 a15 grados, el aire entra por ventilación natural a través de otras galerías. El aire silba o sea ?chifla? de ahí el nombre de ?Chiflón?. Llegamos al borde del mar, el túnel cambia de aspecto, a la entrada estaba todo enladrillado y con refuerzos de vigas de acero, una vez bajo del mar se tiene sólo la arena del fondo del mar que ha sido compactada por el peso del agua. Es tanta la compresión de 10,000 años del mar que no hay una sola gotera y sólo se requiere de enmaderado de troncos de eucaliptos. Se usa esta madera por su resistencia, flexibilidad y resistencia a la corrosión y descomposición; pueden durar hasta 15 años. Esta mina se dejó de trabajar en 1976 ya que es antigua y la minería del carbón se hacía en forma artesanal, es decir se usaba picota, pala y chuzo. Las galerías penetran más de un kilómetro mar adentro y existen otros cinco niveles. El carbón se extraía en carros de una media tonelada tirada por caballos, estos era unos animales pequeños, luego el carbón se sacaba del Chiflón mediante un sistema de cables y huinches.




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